Painting Techniques

There are many different painting techniques. Here are just a few to give you a visual reference of what they look like.

Flat washes
A thin layer of paint covers the paper, no brush strokes or variations in tone should show. Aim for a fresh, translucent result.

Layered washes
Thin washes can be built up in layers giving rich colour mixes as each layer is seen through the one before.

Colour blending - wet on wet
By layering wet washes in different ways you can blend colours to create soft edges effects and new colour mixes.

Colour blending - wet on dry
This technique gives vibrant colour mixes and hard crisp edges. It is important that the washes you want to overpaint are bone dry.

Wax resist
Draw in highlights or light textural areas with wax, crayon or white candle. Paint over the wax with thin colour.

Flecked colour
While your wash is still wet, take a dry toothbrush and load it with your medium toned colour. Hold the tooth brush over your paper with the bristles upwards. Use a knife to quickly flick up a few bristles at a time.

Aquarelle pencils
These are watercolours in pencil form. They can be used to combine washes and linear work and are useful for illustration and as part of mixed media.

Glazing
Richness and depth of acrylic colourmay be achieved by adding glazrd medium to the paint. A series of thin layers of glazes are applied to a light ground with each transperent layer being seen throught the next.

Scumbling
Broard brush strokes of fairly dry paint are worked over an underlayer of dry colour leaving breaks in the paint and sprayed bristle marks. The strenght of the underlying coulour shows throught the various brush marks resulting in new coulour mixes.

Impasto
Thick paint, often combined with othermaterials like paint, tissue paper or muslin to give texture, is built up so it stands out from the surface of the painting.

Opaque colour blending
Acrylic paint is used in it's full strength and is opaque.

Mixed media
A combination of two or more media.

 

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